Preterm birth rates continue to rise in the United States and are a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Low-dose aspirin has been researched as a possible inexpensive and safe medication to help reduce the incidence of preterm birth.
Aspirin helps by reducing uterine contractility and inflammation. Many medical issues such as the fetus being too small for gestational age, preeclampsia, placental insufficiency, and spontaneous labor may be reasons to consider protocols to help prevent preterm births. In these instances, the effects of aspirin may be very helpful.
Many studies have shown a decrease in preterm births in patients taking low-dose aspirin prior to and during pregnancy. It can be especially helpful to those with a history of a previous pregnancy loss.
The possibility of decreasing the incidence of preterm labor is very exciting. Additional research is necessary to fully observe and understand all of the effects of low-dose aspirin on pregnancy. Always remember to speak to your health care provider to discuss your particular concerns and to see if low-dose aspirin can be beneficial to you!