Women with Turner Syndrome (TS) are a distinctive group of women who require specialized medical and obstetrical/gynecological care. TS is found in approximately 1 in 2,500 pregnancies and is the result of the loss or partial loss of an X chromosome. Normally women’s chromosomes are 45XX and with TS it will be 45X. Because of this missing chromosome women with TS can look slightly different and can have an array of possible medical conditions such as:
cardiovascular disease which could be the result of a congenital anomaly
Pediatricians and pediatric endocrinologists usually follow these patients closely during childhood and adolescence, initiating estrogen to begin puberty and normal development. Conception and pregnancy offer unique conditions which will require individualized intense care by a team of specialists and preconception counseling is a must. Because of the higher risks for various medical conditions, TS patients need to be followed carefully throughout their lives.
We all know that having high blood pressure puts you at an increased chance to have a heart attack or a stroke. We all know family and friends who take their high blood pressure pills every day to help control their blood pressure. For many years, doctors diagnosed patients as having high blood pressure if it was 140/90 mm Hg or greater on repeated testing. There is now a new definition of hypertension and this could mean that half of all Americans will be diagnosed as hypertensive.
Here are the new definitions:
Normal BP: systolic less than 120 and diastolic less than 80
Elevated BP: systolic between 120 and 129 and diastolic less than 80
Stage 1 hypertension: systolic between 130 and 139 or diastolic between 80 and 89
Stage 2 hypertension: systolic 140 or greater or diastolic 90 or greater
With this new information, go speak to your healthcare provider about your blood pressure profile.
Obesity is a known risk for high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and colon cancer. A recent study out of Israel found that obese or overweight 17- and 18-year-olds can have an increased risk of developing colon and rectal cancer, and the risk may be increased as high as 50%! We now have another reason to encourage good eating and exercise habits for our children. The earlier these healthy life style habits begin, the better.
A recent small study of menopausal women with frequent hot flashes may show a relationship between these flashes and an increased chance of developing heart disease. Frequent hot flashes meant that the women experienced these flashes 5-6 times per day.
In the study, changes were seen in the vessels of the cardiovascular system. This again points to the importance of menopausal women having regular visits with their health care professionals to assess their cardiovascular health!
The risk of suffering from a heart attack increases for women after going through menopause. It seems that estrogen is heart protective, and after the menses stops, estrogen production greatly decreases. Therefore, heart problems become more of a concern.
It is important to remember that more women die of heart disease each year than men. This may be attributed to the fact that women do not seek medical attention as quickly as men when possible heart concerns develop. When suffering a heart attack, most men will describe crushing or squeezing chest pain while women will have no chest pain or simply a fullness feeling in the chest. Many women during a heart attack may complain of dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, and weakness.
Please be alert for a woman’s special signs of a heart attack, and do not delay a trip to the ER. Your family and close ones need you!