This, Not That, Thursday – Natural Weed Killer

In our office, we have been discussing natural alternatives to common, everyday products. These are ways of handing things like pest control, weeds, household cleaning, body products, and more, without the harmful chemicals. With all the natural alternatives that we have been discovering, we are excited to share these with you!

So without further adieu, I present “This, not that, Thursday.”

Weeds:

When looking for a natural alternative to herbicides, a cocktail of vinegar, salt and liquid dish soap has all of the ingredients needed to quickly kill weeds. Acetic acid in the vinegar and the salt are both very good at drawing moisture from weeds. Dish soap acts as a surfactant, which is an agent that will reduce the surface tension that can cause the weed-killing concoction to bead on the leaves instead of being absorbed by the plant. On a warm, sunny day, the results of this homemade spray will be obvious in a matter of hours as weeds turn brown and wither.

Unlike some chemical solutions, this formula is not built to work its way into the root system, meaning multiple treatments will probably be necessary to keep weeds at bay. Additionally, when looking for a quick fix, sunshine makes a big difference. And remember to look for vinegar that has at least 5% acetic acid.

Natural Weed Killer
• 1-gallon white vinegar
• 1-cup salt
• 1-tablespoon liquid dish soap

Combine ingredients in a spray bottle and treat weeds at the sunniest time of day for best results.☀️

-Dr. P
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Turner Syndrome – A distinctive group of woman

 

Turner syndrome

Women with Turner Syndrome (TS) are a distinctive group of women who require specialized medical and obstetrical/gynecological care. TS is found in approximately 1 in 2,500 pregnancies and is the result of the loss or partial loss of an X chromosome. Normally women’s chromosomes are 45XX and with TS it will be 45X. Because of this missing chromosome women with TS can look slightly different and can have an array of possible medical conditions such as:

  • cardiovascular disease which could be the result of a congenital anomaly
  • osteoporosis
  • hypothyroidism
  • abnormal lipids
  • diabetes

Pediatricians and pediatric endocrinologists usually follow these patients closely during childhood and adolescence, initiating estrogen to begin puberty and normal development. Conception and pregnancy offer unique conditions which will require individualized intense care by a team of specialists and preconception counseling is a must. Because of the higher risks for various medical conditions, TS patients need to be followed carefully throughout their lives.

-Dr. P

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A gentle way to remove a tick

We, here on the Island, are in the middle of tick season and it is reported that there is an above average tick infestation this year. If you do come in contact with a tick, there is always the time honored tweezer method to grasp and remove it.

Another method is to take a cotton ball and put a liberal amount of liquid soap on it. Cover the tick with the soap-soaked cotton ball. Rub for a few seconds and usually the tick will release and be attached to the ball. This simple method is perfect for children and upset adults.

As always, prevention is the best medicine. Please check out the 8 best ways to avoid being bitten by a tick.

Ticks Poster 1 Rev5

-Dr. P

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Another reason to encourage weight control in adolescents

kid-scale

Obesity is a known risk for high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and colon cancer. A recent study out of Israel found that obese or overweight 17- and 18-year-olds can have an increased risk of developing colon and rectal cancer, and the risk may be increased as high as 50%! We now have another reason to encourage good eating and exercise habits for our children. The earlier these healthy life style habits begin, the better.

-Dr. P

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Decreasing Hormones. Decreasing Menstruation.

As a woman ages, her ovarian function begins to decrease, and as the follicular activity starts to wane, the production of estrogen and progesterone goes down.  The decrease in these hormones will eventually lead to no more menstrual cycles, and menopause is defined as 1 year of no menstrual bleeding.  This is a natural part of every woman’s life as the 50’s approach and the average age of menopause is 51 to 52.  With our ever increasing life spans, women may spend 30 to 40 years in this postmenopausal state.

menstrual

-Dr. P

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Where Did This Mysterious Zika Virus Come From?

definition of zikaToday, the Zika virus is on the mind of almost everyone; pictures of the children affected by the virus are seen constantly in the news.  Beginning today, I will try to keep us up to date on the latest information available.

The virus is named after the Zika Forest in Uganda, Africa, where it was first discovered in the late 1940s.  Since then it was not considered to be a major problem because it usually caused mild flu symptoms, which soon passed rather quickly.  Then last year’s reports came from Brazil about a major invasion of the virus.  There were pictures of the many affected newborns that had been infected, and the resulting congenital microcephaly was seen everywhere.

Why is this virus now causing all these problems?  Where has it been the last 60-70 years?  Some experts believe the virus has mutated, and some think it has always been there, but was quietly going unnoticed.

As the summer approaches and the mosquitoes return, the Zika virus will certainly be a concern in the mainland of our country.  Puerto Rico already reported about a 1000 confirmed cases, including approximately 100 pregnant women.  With the travel season upon us, the numbers of our family and friends who will be exposed to the virus is staggering, so being aware of the latest information is paramount in our quest to be safe.

-Dr. P

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Some Points You May Not Know About HPV

Let us continue our HPV informational journey with a few essential points:

  • HPV infections are almost exclusively acquired from sexual exposure.Some Points You May Not Know About HPV
  • The virus has been detected in multiple sites on both the male and female genital areas.
  • The cervix is the most common site for the infection.
  • Transmission between the mother and infant has been documented, with exposure during the delivery being suggested as the most common cause of the fetal infection.  This is considered a vertical form of transmission.  Some studies suggest a vertical transmission rate of about 25% with almost all neonatal infections cleared by the first year of life.

-Dr. P

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Hysterectomies in This Day and Age

.Surgery….A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.  There are many reasons to have this surgical procedure, and the decision to undergo a hysterectomy must never be made lightly.  Today, the decisions are becoming more complicated as the surgical techniques change and more options are available.

…..The first laparoscopic hysterectomy was performed about 25 years ago, and this changed gynecological surgery forever.  The instruments used were very basic, the technique was new, and acceptance was gradual.

…..In 2008, only about 20% of hysterectomies performed in the USA were being performed with a laparoscopic technique, but by 2012 the number had risen to about 40%.  This minimally invasive route includes the robotic and the conventional laparoscopic procedures.  The refinement of instruments and robotic technology continues the march to an even larger percentage of hysterectomies being performed by the minimally invasive approaches.

…..Remember, before undergoing any surgery, do your research into the indication for the surgery and the type of procedure.  Check into the surgeon’s experience and background, and always ask many questions before any decisions are made!

-Dr. P

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Treatment for Lichen Sclerosus

To finish up our review of lichen sclerosus, I want to leave you with some important points:

  • woman smiling in the parkPruritus is the most common symptom, occurring in 99% of women, vulvar irritation occurs in 60%, and vulvar burning and painful sex in 30%
  • High potency corticosteroids are the treatment of choice with 80% experiencing complete remission
  • Clobetasol 0.05% ointment is the medication most often prescribed
  • Ointments are used instead of lotions because of less irritation, and there are rarely any adverse effects with long-term use
  • The treatment protocol usually entails a few months of daily use, followed by a gradual decease, then followed by use as needed

Find about more about lichen sclerosus in: Could You Have Lichen Sclerosus?

-Dr. P

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Gonorrhea – A Condition Which Often Lacks Symptoms

…..teenage depression - teen woman sitting thinkingNext in my series about sexually transmitted infections in adolescents, we will be discussing gonorrhea.

…..Gonorrhea is a common STI in the adolescent and young adult population (15 to 25).  There are about 750,000 cases each year, with women having a slightly higher rate than men.  We should use the same targeted screening that is used for chlamydial infections (with all women under 25 being tested).  The same risk factors are associated with gonorrhea and chlamydia, and with both, more than 50% of women are asymptotic.

…..When there are symptoms, they may include vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, or pain with urination.  Again, if there is a delay in diagnosing and implementing the treatment of an infection, severe pelvic problems can develop.

…..There are specific antibiotic protocols for treatment that are available.  These days, consideration must be made for antibiotic resistance, which has been developing.  Lastly, with all persons found to have gonorrhea, there should be testing for HIV, syphilis, and chlamydia.

-Dr. P

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Some Points You Should Know About Bleeding in Early Pregnancy

…..Let us end our review of vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy with a few points:

  • Early pregnancy bleeding often stops on its own, and the Some Points You Should Know About Bleeding in Early Pregnancycause is not always determined.
  • Vaginal bleeding is a common problem, and observing vaginal sonograms and hCG blood levels is helpful to determine the cause of the bleeding and to assess the chance of a successful pregnancy.
  • If the bleeding continues past the third month of the pregnancy, there is an increased chance of problems later on in the pregnancy, such as early rupture of the membranes and preterm (early) delivery.
  • This type of bleeding is a cause of great fear and anxiety for a couple, and emotional support from the medical team, family, and friends is imperative!

-Dr. P

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