Young women are at a high risk of acquiring STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and of developing the serious complications of untreated chlamydial and gonococcal infections. Almost half of all STIs occur in teenagers and young adults between the ages of 15 and 25. Physical and behavioral factors place the sexually active teenager at an increased risk to develop these infections.
Physically, the cervix is more vulnerable to these infections because it has not fully developed, exposing more susceptible cells to the infections. Since the young woman may be coming into contact with these infectious agents for the first time, her immune defenses are not strong.
Behavioral risk factors include having multiple new sexual partners and not using condoms or not using condoms properly. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has a goal to increase the simultaneous use of both condoms and hormonal contraception (birth control pills). This combination of methods is highly effective in preventing a pregnancy and preventing the acquisition of STIs. Yet currently, some studies reveal that only about 5% of adolescent females are using this practice.
…..The influenza vaccine comes in two types:
- Inactivated, or killed vaccine, which is given by injection with a needle
- Live, or attenuated (weakened) vaccine, which is sprayed into the nostril
…..The influenza viruses are always changing, and so each year scientists try to determine which viruses are going to cause the flu that year. In other words, a new vaccine is put together each year to prevent the flu for that season. It is for this reason that an annual vaccination is recommended. After a person receives the vaccine injection, it takes about two weeks for the protection to develop, and the protection lasts for about a year.
…..Some inactivated influenza vaccines contain a preservative called thimerosal while some vaccines are thimerosal-free. This has been a concern for many, but it has been shown not to be harmful to a pregnant woman or her baby, according to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
…..The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that all people 6 months of age and older should get the flu vaccine. Vaccination is especially important for people at a higher risk of severe influenza, including their close contacts. Some of these close contacts can be healthcare workers and children younger than 6 months.
…..You should get the vaccine as soon as it is available for the new season. Even though most influenza occurs from October through May, the flu season can occasionally come earlier, so get the protection as early as possible.